- Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is "the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients."
- Sackett DL, Rosenberg WMC, Muir Gray JA, Haynes RB, Richardson WS. Evidence-based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ. 1996;312:7172.
- Effectively evaluating medical literature is an essential physician skill since the answer to many clinical questions are constantly evolving.
- Successfully utilizing evidence medicine involves several steps:
- Defining the question
- Finding the evidence
- Assessing the evidence
- Applying the evidence
- Effectively communicating the information
- Effectively assess the validity of medical literature including both therapy and diagnosis articles
- Define and apply the following terms when assessing medical literature: sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios, pre-test probability
Evidence-Based Medicine in Practice #1. Professor Paul Glasziou. University of Oxford's Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. 8 minutes.
Evidence-Based Medicine in Practice #2. Professor Paul Glasziou. University of Oxford's Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. 5 minutes.
Finding the evidence 1 - Using PICO to formulate a search question. Evidence-Based-Education. 2 minutes.
Finding the evidence 2 - Turning search terms into a search strategy. Evidence-Based-Education. 3 minutes.
Finding the evidence 3 - Turning your search strategy into results: PubMed demonstration. Evidence-Based-Education. 8 minutes.
Evidence-Based Medicine in Practice - Diagnostic Tests #1. Dr. Carl Heneghan. University of Oxford's Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. 7 minutes.
Evidence-Based Medicine in Practice - Diagnostic Tests #2. Dr. Carl Heneghan. University of Oxford's Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. 3 minutes.
Mojica M. The Making Evidence Based Medicine Simple Series. An evidence-based clinical practice curriculum consisting of 6 modules reviewing the articles types addressing the most common clinical questions (diagnosis, therapy, harm, prognosis, meta-analysis and clinical decision rule). Each module reviews an article from the medical literature using the Users Guide to Medical Literature criteria for validity, results and applicability. Each modules includes: a PowerPoint presentation with a script, a video of the presentation with narration, a quiz with answers, tips for teaching the module, a blank review form and a completed critical article review for the article reviewed in the module.
Diagnostic Testing Module. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2013.
Therapy Module. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2013.
Harm Module. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2013.
Prognosis Module. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2013.
Meta-analysis Module. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2013.
Clinical Decision Rule Module. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2013.
Mayo Clinic Quality Academy Educational Resources. 12 free modules introducing quality improvement, patient safety, evidence-based medicine, and health policy. Certificates can be printed for each completed module.
Weaver C. An Approach to Teaching Medical Students Evidence-Based Medicine and Basic Research Concepts. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2006. The class provides online lecture presentations, research lectures, and tests to insure that the students gain an understanding of evidence-based medicine , basic clinical research principles, and research ethics.
Teaching Evidence-Based Medicine. University of Oxford's Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. 5 video playlist.
♥Practical Evidence-Based Medicine: An Introduction. Michael Glantz, MD. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. 44 minutes.
Evidence Based Medicine Series. Dr. Rahul Patwari. 6 videos.
Frohna J. Fostering the Efficient, Effective Use of Evidence-Based Medicine in the Clinic. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2006. A manual providing background, learning objectives, and teaching materials for faculty teaching evidence-based medicine with modules on asking questions, finding evidence, and appraising information.
Understanding Evidence-based Healthcare: A Foundation for Action. Free online course. United States Cochrane Center. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Teaching Evidence-Based Medicine Workshop. 4 day course given annually. St Hughs College, Oxford, UK. Fee £1200.
Resources for Evidence-Based Answers
Cochrane Library *Free abstracts, fee required for full access
Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness
Clinical Evidence *Fee required
Family Physicians Inquiries Network *Fee required
Biomedical Informatics Resources
Medical informatics curriculum. Florida State University.
Hersh WR, Gorman PN, Biagioli FE, Mohan V, Gold JA, Mejicano GC. Beyond information retrieval and electronic health record use: competencies in clinical informatics for medical education. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2014 Jul 1;5:205-12. doi: 10.2147/AMEP.S63903. eCollection 2014. PubMed PMID: 25057246; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4085140.