Residents as Teachers


Key Point:

  • The ACGME and LCME require all residents who teach other residents and/or medical students to participate in training to develop or enhance their teaching and assessment skills.



  • Implement a formal training course for residents to improve their teaching and assessment skills


Recommended Resources: 

Brief Review


Developing residents as future educators. Dr Bradley Sharpe, Professor of Medicine. University of California, San Francisco. 14 minutes.

Resident Teaching Resources. Drexel University College of Medicine. Videos and links to recommended resources on 8 core topics.


Mann KV, Sutton E, Frank B. Twelve tips for preparing residents as teachers. Med Teach. 2007 May;29(4):301-6. Review. PubMed PMID: 17786741.

Bree KK, Whicker SA, Fromme HB, Paik S, Greenberg L. Residents-as-Teachers Publications: What Can Programs Learn From the Literature When Starting a New or Refining an Established Curriculum? J Grad Med Educ. 2014 Jun;6(2):237-48. doi: 10.4300/JGME-D-13-00308.1. Review. PubMed PMID: 24949126; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4054721.

Post RE, Quattlebaum RG, Benich JJ 3rd. Residents-as-teachers curricula: a critical review. Acad Med. 2009 Mar;84(3):374-80. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181971ffe. Review. PubMed PMID: 19240450.

Coverdale JH, Ismail N, Mian A, Dewey C. Toolbox for evaluating residents as teachers. Acad Psychiatry. 2010 Jul-Aug;34(4):298-301. doi: 10.1176/appi.ap.34.4.298. Review. PubMed PMID: 20576992.

Roberts CC, Chew FS. Teaching radiology residents, and radiology residents as teachers. Acad Radiol. 2003 Feb;10 Suppl 1:S97-101. PubMed PMID: 12585453.


The Residents' Teaching Skills Web Site. University of Southern California. Learn your teaching style, watch instructional videos and more!

Residents as Teachers (RATS) Modules. University of Nevada School of Medicine. Seven online modules.

Residents as Teachers. University of Virginia School of Medicine. A series of education modules that address teaching skills relevant to both clinical and non-clinical settings. Modules address the following topics: A module for teaching that can be applied to any setting (TEACH); Providing effective feedback; Precepting skills; Teaching at the bedside; A series of common resident teaching scenarios with suggested approaches; Common teaching mistakes made by residents.

Teaching and Learning Education for New Teachers (TALENT). University of Missouri School of Medicine. 12 modules, taking less than 20 minutes each to complete, that cover basic knowledge and skills to improve teaching. A certificate of completion can be generated.

Yudkowsky R, Riddle J, Gelula M, Cannon B. Teaching Skills Program for Residents, Part I. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2008. The first workshop, held during new resident orientation, introduces first-year residents to brief clinical teaching and giving feedback. Subsequent workshops reinforce this material and focus on other teaching skills. Each 1.5 hour long workshop is highly interactive. Workshop structure is based upon Kolb's experiential learning theory. Through PowerPoint presentations, trigger tapes, role play, games and models residents learn and practice teaching skills that are relevant to their work in inpatient and outpatient settings.

National Health Service e-Learning Modules. This series of open access short modules covers core topics in clinical teaching and learning. They have been developed by the Multiprofessional Faculty Development Team to inform and support the professional development of clinical teachers. On completion of a module, a certificate can be printed out for your own records or portfolio.


In-Depth Review


Newman L, Tibbles C, Atkins K, Burgin S, Fisher L, Kent T, Smith C, Aluko A, Ricciotti H. Resident-as-Teacher DVD Series. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2015. We developed this DVD, accompanying guides, and resources to help program directors, clinician educators, and residents take the first step in implementing a resident-as-teacher training program. The intent is to provide a platform that allows for efficient but comprehensive training of five essential clinical teaching topics. The DVD series may be used as part of a resident self-study program, as the basis of a facilitator-led teaching series for house staff, or as preparatory material for "flipped" classroom-type sessions.


Residents as Teachers. American Academy of Pediatrics. This 43-page training packet covers leadership and organization skills, teaching techniques, and feedback.

Resident Teaching Development Program. Teacher's guide and 58-page handout. Mount Sinai Medical Center.'s%20Guide%20RTDP.pdf

Residents As Teachers Resource. University of New Mexico School Of Medicine. 22 page teaching tools guide.


Residents as Teachers Curriculum Modules. Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine. 10 free teaching modules.

Teaching Residents to Teach Program. University of Pittsburgh. Syllabus, powerpoint presentations, and curriculum toolbox.

Recommendations for Educational Excellence (REFEREE). Co-sponsored by CREOG and APGO. A free online resident training and faculty development program for teaching faculty and residents to excel as educators.

Bringing Education and Service Together (BEST): Resident Physicians' Curriculum in Clinical Teaching Skills. UC Irvine. This longitudinal teaching skills program for generalist residents can be conducted by residency faculty in about 15 hours, primarily during one-hour conferences. Modules include: (1) leading teams/role modeling, (2) orienting learners, (3) giving feedback, (4) bedside teaching, (5) teaching procedures, (6) group teaching/inpatient work rounds, (7) teaching charting, and (8) giving mini-lectures. During each session, interdisciplinary groups of residents discuss teaching skills and actively practice the skills in pairs or trios. Each resident teaches "standardized learners" (portrayed by classmates using teaching cases) for approximately ten minutes per session, and then receives feedback using checklists based on the Stanford Faculty Development Program.

Tews M, Quinn-Leering K, Fox C, Simonson J, Ellinas E, Lemen P. Residents as Educators: Giving Feedback. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2014. This resource is designed to help develop residents and fellows as teachers of medical students. The content addresses an aspect of teaching that many housestaff find challenging – that of providing effective formative feedback to medical students on clinical rotations. The materials provided can help improve housestaff feedback and meet Liaison Committee on Medical Education and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education expectations regarding interpersonal and communication skills education. There are two interactive presentations with associated video vignettes for instructor use in large or small groups as well as instructor guides.

Teaching and Assessing Clinical Skills. Coursera, University of Michigan. Free online course with Statement of Accomplishment at completion.